State seeks to overturn court’s child rape ruling
Resource type: News
The Star (South Africa) |
Shielding victims from abusers under spotlight by Karyn Maughan Justice bosses don’t want to be ordered to protect South Africa’s child rape victims from the horror of facing their alleged abusers in court. The Justice Department was to ask the Constitutional Court today to overturn a Pretoria High Court ruling that compels its officials to reduce the trauma suffered by child rape victims when they testify against their accused rapists. High Court Judge Eberhard Bertelsmann incurred the department’s ire after he found that the current law on the state’s handling of child rape cases, or cases involving child witnesses, was unconstitutional. The judge ordered, among others, that courts must provide intermediaries to assist child rape victims or witnesses and ruled that criminal proceedings involving children be given top priority. Delivering his ruling earlier this year, he said: “It is a sad fact that there is much that is left to be desired in the present state of our criminal justice system. In many instances, neither the courts nor their supporting institutions succeed in giving due recognition to the (paramount importance) of children’s interests.” Judge Bertelsmann’s ruling followed acting National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) boss Mokotedi Mpshe’s admission that intermediary services were available to only 14% of child rape victims, forcing 86% of children to face their accused rapists in court. To make matters worse, South Africa’s largest ever rape study last month revealed that only one out of every 10 child rape cases reported to the police resulted in a conviction. According to Mpshe, then justice minister Brigitte Mabandla’s decision to halt the roll-out of “highly successful” specialised sexual offences courts in 2005, and her later call to integrate such courts within the mainstream court system, had damaged South Africa’s ability to deal quickly and effectively with child rape cases. “Instead of having made vast progress since 2000, dedicated (child rape) courts have declined in numbers; SAPS Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Units have been redeployed; trained forensic social workers employed by the police have become scarce; (some) magistrates have become obstructive; the system of district surgeons was abolished (giving rise to a loss of expertise); and the need for training of all remains, with language barriers exacerbating every identified issue. “The NPA’s view on the advantages of specialised or dedicated courts, thus ensuring focused attention on, and improved handling of, particularly child victim matters, has not changed,” he said. The Justice Department is however, adamant that it does not need a court to tell it how to deal with South Africa’s child rape crisis. Its lawyers claim that Judge Bertelsmann had no power to make the “far-reaching” orders that he did, further adding that there was “no basis” for these rulings. In papers before the Constitutional Court, the department’s lawyers argue that Judge Bertelsmann’s orders are “calculated to hinder the work” of its newly formed Inter-Sectoral Committee for the Management of Sexual Matters and the development of this committee’s policy. “In principle, the committee might reach the same conclusions as (those reached by Judge Bertelsmann), but it must be allowed the right to exercise its statutory powers without any constraints im-posed in advance, especially in the absence of any indication that it is incapable of doing so, or is unwilling to do so.” The department also points out that, at the time that Judge Bertelsmann heard argument on the cases that inspired his ruling, its committee had not been formed and was therefore unable to provide any input on the matters. “Orders have been issued that have a serious impact on the department and its development of policy on the issues dealt with … without the department having had an opportunity of dealing with them,” the lawyers said.